Calculators in the Classroom: Where We’ve Been, Where We’re Going

Where We’ve Been

What is a calculator?

Progression of Calculators

How have calculators changed mathematics?

How have calculators changed mathematics teaching?

Pedagogical Responses to Calculators

The Call to Use Calculators

Obstacles to Calculator Use

More Thoughts on Assessment

Where are we going?

Many calculators today are computers.

Where might we be going?