Recent advances in Fluids 2016 header image

Recent Advances in Fluids

May 9-12, 2016

Rice University

Houston, TX

Spring 2016 Analysis of PDEs of Fluid Mechanics Poster Abstracts

The Energy Balance Relation for Weak Solutions of the Density-Dependent Navier-Stokes Equations, Trevor Leslie (University of Illinois at Chicago)

We consider the incompressible inhomogeneous Navier-Stokes equations with constant viscosity coefficient and density which is bounded and bounded away from zero. We show that the energy balance relation for this system holds for weak solutions if the velocity, density, and pressure belong to a range of Besov spaces of smoothness 1/3. A density-dependent version of the classical Karman-Howarth-Monin relation is derived.

Suppression of chemotactic explosion by mixing, Xiaoqian Xu (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Chemotaxis plays a crucial role in a variety of processes in biology and ecology. One of the most studied PDE models of chemotaxis is given by Keller-Segel equation, which describes a population density of bacteria or mold which attract chemically to substance they secrete. However, solution of Keller-Segel equation can exhibit dramatic collapsing behavior. In other words, there exist initial data leading to finite time blow up. In this poster, I will discuss the possible effects resulting from interaction of chemotactic and fluid transport processes, namely we will consider the Keller-Segel equation with additional advection term modeling ambient fluid flow. We will prove that the presence of fluid can prevent the singularity formation. We will discuss two classes of flows that have the explosion arresting property. Both classes are known as very efficient mixers.